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Tuesday, January 22, 2013

All Saints Day

All Saints Day

From Wikipedia:

All Saints' Day, All Hallows, Hallowmas ("hallows" meaning "saints," and "mas" meaning "Rank"), is a meal impressive on November 1 or on the core Sunday whilst Pentecost in honour of all the saints, known and unrevealed. Halloween is the day previous it, and is so named to the same degree it is "The Eve of All Hallows". All Saints is as well as a Christian figure invoking all the authoritarian saints and martyrs, known or unrevealed. In provisions of Catholic theology, the meal remembers all people who swallow attained the beatific prediction in heaven, like the then day, All Souls' Day, commemorates the redundant authoritarian who swallow not yet been purified and reached heaven.


In the first Cathedral, Christians would smudge the anniversary of a martyr's death for Christ (known as the saint's "natural day") by spoon an All-Night Vigil, and for that reason celebrating the Eucharist best quality their burial chamber or place of martyrdom. In the fourth century, neighbouring dioceses began to transfer and smudge the meal days of settled martyrs in patronize. Steadily, a count of Christians would be on your feet martyrdom on the same day, which on the whole led to a shared dedicatory. In the persecution of Diocletian the count of martyrs became so perfect that a free day may well not be assigned to each. But the Cathedral, sympathetic that every dead person have to be well-regarded, unpaid a patronize day for all.

A dedicatory of "All Martyrs" began to be impressive as first as the engagement 270, even if no settled month or meet are mentioned in existing documents. The core pat of a predominant celebration on a settled day is attested in Antioch on the Sunday whilst Pentecost. Grant is suggestion of a patronize day in a speech of St. Ephrem the Syrian (373), and the good manners is as well as referred to in the 74th Talk of St. John Chrysostom (+407), who speaks of a "meal of martyrs of the whole world." As first as 411, display is found amid the Chaldean Christians a predominant dedicatory of all Confessors (Commemoratio Confessorum), impressive on the Friday whilst Easter.

In the East

Along with the Eastern Forthright and Eastern Catholics, All Saints Sunday (Greek: 'A, Agion Panton), follows the ancient tradition of commemorating all saints across the world on the core Sunday whilst Pentecost.

The meal of All Saints achieved perfect status in the ninth century, in the canon of the Compound Sovereign, Leo VI "the Clever" (886-911). His ensemble, the Empress Theophano (commemorated on December 16) lived a sanctimonious life. Her wife built a church, intending to produce it to her. What he was banned to do so, he resolute to produce it to "All Saints," so that if his ensemble were one of the moral, she would as well as be respected whenever the meal was impressive. According to tradition, it was Leo who delayed the meal from a dedicatory of All Martyrs to a predominant dedicatory of All Saints, whether martyrs or not.

This Sunday stalk the packed of the Paschal flavor. To the group Sunday services are extend special scriptural readings and hymns to all the saints (known and unrevealed) from the Pentecostarion. The Sunday member All Saints Sunday (i.e., the split second Sunday whilst Pentecost) is set comment as a dedicatory of all locally well-regarded saints, such as "All Saints of America", "All Saints of Mount Athos", etc. The third Sunday whilst Pentecost may be observed for even more localized saints, such as "All Saints of St. Petersburg", or for saints of a fastidious type, such as "New Martyrs of the Turkish Exploit." In further to these Sundays, Saturdays from one place to another the engagement are days for predominant dedicatory of all saints.

In the West

The Western Christian holiday of All Saints Day (called Festum omnium sanctorum in Latin) force on November 1, followed by All Souls' Day on November 2, and is a Blessed Day of Undertaking in the Latin Tune Roman Catholic Cathedral, with a vigil. This meal recycled to swallow an octave. The octave was abrogated in 1955 knock down with other octaves.

The upset of the dancing in the streets of All Saints as impressive in the West dates to May 13 in 609 or 610 (the day ego more unlucky than the engagement), when Pope Boniface IV consecrated the Pantheon at Rome to the Blessed Virgin and all the martyrs; the meal of the dedicatio Sanctae Mariae ad Martyres has been impressive at Rome ever to the same degree. The to be day, May 13, was a pagan prospect of perfect antiquity, the completion of three days of the Ceremonial dinner of the Lemures, in which were propitiated the horrible and wired spirits of all the dead. The medieval liturgiologists based the diagram that this Lemuria dancing in the streets was the origin of that of All Saints on uniform dates and on the love arena of all the dead. Relatively, the meal of All Saints is now traced to the herald by Pope Gregory III (731-741) of an idiom in St Peter's for the rest "of the holy apostles and of all saints, martyrs and confessors, of all the calm finished special who are at rest from one place to another the world", with the day inspired to November 1.

The Irish did not row this November 1 meet, as in existence over and done certification demonstrate that the celebration in Ireland took place in the spring: "...the Felire of Oengus and the Martyrology of Tallaght agricultural show that the first medieval churches [in Ireland] impressive the meal of All Saints upon 20 April." A November dancing in the streets of all the saints was earlier than broadly impressive on November 1 in the days of Charlemagne. It was finished a day of sense of duty from one place to another the Frankish refinement in 835, by a send to prison of Louis the Earnest, issued "at the scrupulous of Pope Gregory IV and with the have the same opinion of all the bishops," which declared its celebration on the 1st of November. The octave was extend by Pope Sixtus IV (1471-1484).

The dancing in the streets was retained whilst the Reform in the calendar of the Cathedral of England and in frequent Lutheran churches. In the Lutheran churches, such as the Cathedral of Sweden, it assumes a occasion of predominant dedicatory of the dead. In the Swedish calendar, the observance takes place on the core Saturday of November. In frequent Lutheran Churches, it is inspired to the core Sunday of November. It is as well as impressive by other Protestants of the English tradition, such as the Joined Cathedral of Canada and the Wesleyan Cathedral.

In the Joined Methodist Cathedral, All Saint's Day on the core Sunday of November. It is alleged to experience again all people that swallow accepted not worth it from the inland church meeting. A candle is lit by the Acolyte as each person's name is called out. Subsequently, a liturgical prayer is existing for each verve in Fantasy.


In Portugal, Spain and Mexico, ofrendas (help) are finished on this day. In Spain, the con Don Juan Tenorio is usually performed. In Belgium, France, Hungary, Italy, Portugal and Spain association bring plants to the graves of dead family.

In Poland, Czech, Sweden, Slovenia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia, Austria, Hungary and Germany, the tradition is to light candles and many the graves of cadaver family.

In the Philippines, the day is used up visiting the graves of cadaver family, everywhere they hint prayers, lay plants, and light candles, methodically in a picnic-like sensation.

In English outburst countries, the dancing in the streets is usually impressive with the lament "For All the Saints" by William Walsham How. The highest go into liquidation melody for this lament is Sine Nomine by Ralph Vaughan Williams.